Keynote Speakers

Keynote Speakers of ICMEN2017 

Professor Dr. Mohd Hamdi Abdul Shukor

University of Malaya, Malaysia

Biography: Professor Dr. Mohd Hamdi received his B.Eng. (Mechanical), with Honours from Imperial College, London and his M.Sc. In Advanced Manufacturing Technology & System Management from University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology (UMIST). His Doctoral study was in the field of thin film coating for biomedical applications for which he was conferred Dr. Eng by Kyoto University. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineering, UK. Professor Dr. Mohd Hamdi has devoted his career in nurturing research and innovation and has mentored over 115 postgraduate students, particularly in the field of machining, materials processing and biomaterials. He has authored more than 130 ISI journals and h-index of 16. He is also a director and founder of the Centre of Advanced Manufacturing & Materials Processing (AMMP Centre) in 2003, in which has grown from modest-size team of researchers and engineers to an interdisciplinary research hub. Professor Dr. Mohd Hamdi has obtained recognition from various international and local organizations.  

Title of Speech: Incorporation of micro and nano powders in dielectric to enhance Electrical Discharge Machining performance 

Abstract: The technological advancement in the area of material science has given birth to intricate materials having superior properties that expose material removal process some challenges in attaining high productivity. Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is one of the main non-traditional material removal processes used in industry. Efforts to enhance the EDM performance by introducing micro and nano sized powders in the dielectric, coupled with ultrasonic vibration, was carried out predominantly to achieve high surface quality and material removal rate (MRR). Introduction of a novel process of suspending micro-MoS2 powder in dielectric fluid and using ultrasonic vibration during micro-EDM process indicated a significant increase in MRR and improvement of surface. Ultrasonically vibrating the dielectric fluid containing nano-size graphite powder demonstrated a reduction of machining time of 35% as well as increasing the machining accuracy. Moreover, low-frequency vibration of workpiece in nanographite powder mixed EDM was deployed to enhance the debris ejection from machining gap. In cutting difficult-to-cut material of Inconel 718 due to short circuiting and arcing, the surface of micro-holes produced by micro-EDM has black traces and cones. Utilization of 50 nm MoS2 powder produced higher quality micro-holes in machining Inconel 718. Most recently, the addition of Ti nanopowder to dielectric in EDM resulted in substantial improvement of MRR, surface roughness and micro-defects formation on the machined surface due to discharge energy dispersion. 


Prof. Ir. Dr. Farid Nasir bin Haji Ani


Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Biography: Dr F. N. Ani graduated from University of Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom in Mechanical Engineering in 1982. His MSc (Eng) in 1985 at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom in Thermodynamics and Related Studies. Later his PhD in 1992 from the University of Leeds, United Kingdom specialising in Fuel and Energy. He is currently a Research Professor at Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor. He is also a Registered Professional Engineer, Member Institute of Engineers Malaysia (MIEM), Member Malaysian Invention and Design Society and Member Institute of Energy, Malaysia. Internationally, he is a member of American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and Fellow Member of Society of Operation Engineers (UK), Fellow Member of the Institution of Plant Engineers, (UK). Also he is a member of Member, Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology (UK) and Chartered Engineer (UK).
He has spend about 33 years teaching Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics and undertaking research in the areas of Thermal Conversion of Biomass and Related Carbonaceous Wastes through Combustion, Pyrolysis, Gasification and Recycling to value added products. He has obtained several research grants with values of more than RM3 million from various sources such as IRPA (Ministry of Science, Technology and Environments, Malaysia), Ministry of Higher Education, Research University Grant, NEDO International Joint Research Grant, (Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Japan) and ASHRAE(USA). He has successfully supervised more than 40 post graduate students of which 14 of them are at PhD level. He has published 8 academic books and written more than 300 research papers in national and international journals and proceedings. He also received several invention and innovation awards from Petronas, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, MINDS, MINT, Institute Tenaga Malaysia, PECIPTA, UKM and Brussel, Belguim, Geneva, Switerland and obtained several patent granted and filings. His current Scopus H-Index is 18 with more than 953 citations. His research publications were referred and cited by top universities in USA, UK, Korea etc, eg University of Cambridge (UK) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT-USA). His current interest is in the microwave fractionation and distillation system using catalysts in producing different ranges of fuels for direct usage in engines and gas turbines application or for chemicals industries.


Abstract: Energy crisis and continuously fluctuating cost of petroleum have move attention of researchers toward renewable energy and sustainable materials sources. Biomass and crop oils are readily available in abundantly and a cheap source that are environment friendly in tropical countries. It has been identified as one of the main sources of the sustainable and renewable energy and materials in this region. One example of utilization of biomass is in the processing of palm oil industries. The presentation describes several possible routes to provide energy as well as potential value-added products from biomass. The trend in thermo-conversion processing of the biomass is the application of microwave energy into renewable biofuels, materials and chemicals. The potential uses of agro-products and agro-solid wastes for biofuels, materials and chemicals are highlighted. The applications of these biofuels, materials and chemicals have been applied in some countries around the world. The implementation and utilization of this technology will be feasible when the technology is developed, fabricated and commission locally with locally produced biomass. The studies show that the combination MW processing of biomass and biodiesel power generation could be a sustainable production system.  


Prof. Osman Adiguzel

Firat University, Department of Physics, Turkey

Biography: Dr. Osman Adiguzel was born in 1952, Nigde, Turkey. He graduated from Department of Physics, Ankara University, Turkey in 1974 and received PhD- degree from Dicle University, Diyarbakir-Turkey in Solid State Physics with experimental studies on diffusionless phase transformations in Ti-Ta alloys in 1980. He studied at Surrey University, Guildford, UK, as a post doctoral research scientist in 1986-1987, and his studies focused on shape memory alloys. He worked as research assistant, 1975-80, at Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey. He shifted to Firat University in 1980, and became professor in 1996, and He has already been working as professor. He published over 45 papers in international and national journals; He joined over 70 conferences and symposia in international and national level as participant, invited speaker or keynote speaker with contributions of oral or poster. He served the program chair or conference chair/co-chair in some of these activities. In particular, he joined in last two years over 10 conferences as Keynote Speaker and Conference Co-Chair organized by South Asian Institute of Science and Engineering (SAISE), web:, and Science and Engineering Institute (SCIEI), web:, and other institutes.
He supervised 5 PhD- theses and 3 M.Sc theses. He is also Technical committee member of many conferences.
Dr. Adiguzel served his directorate of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Firat University in 1999-2004. He received a certificate which is being awarded to him and his experimental group in recognition of significant contribution of 2 patterns to the Powder Diffraction File – Release 2000. The ICDD (International Centre for Diffraction Data) also appreciates cooperation of his group and interest in Powder Diffraction File.
Scientific fields of Dr. Adiguzel are as follow: Martensitic phase transformations and shape memory effect and applications to copper-based shape memory alloys, molecular dynamics simulations, alloy modeling, electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction and crystallography, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

Title of Speech: Displacive Processes in Phase Transformations in Shape Memory Alloys 

Abstract: Shape memory alloys have a peculiar property to return to a previously defined shape or dimension when they are subjected to variation of temperature. These alloys recover original shape on heating after deformation in low temperature product phase condition. Successive martensitic transformations, thermal induced and stress induced martensitic transformations, govern shape memory effect in shape memory alloys. Thermal induced martensite occurs as multivariant martensite in self-accommodating manner on cooling from high temperature parent phase region, and deformation of shape memory alloys in martensitic state proceeds through a martensite variant reorientation, by means of stress induced martensitic transformation. Martensitic transformations have diffusionless character, and twinning and detwinning processes which have displacive character govern phase transformations by means of lattice invariant shear. Lattice twinning and detwinning processes can be considered as elementary processes activated during the transformation. By stressing the material in martensitic state, martensite variants are forced to reorient into a single variant leading inelastic strains. Thermal induced martensitic transformation is lattice-distorting phase transformation and occurs as martensite variants with the cooperative movement of atoms by means of shear-like mechanism. Martensitic transformations occur by two or more lattice invariant shears on a {110}-type plane of austenite matrix which is basal plane, as a first step, and the transformed region consists of parallel bands containing alternately two different variants. In the martensitic transformation, the lattice of high temperature austenite phase has greater crystallographic symmetry than that of the low-temperature product phase.
Copper based alloys exhibit this property in metastable β-phase region, which has bcc-based structures at high temperature parent phase field. Martensitic transformation occurs mainly in two steps, lattice invariant shear and Bain distortion. Lattice invariant shears are not uniform in these alloys, and the ordered parent phase structures martensiticaly undergo the long period complex layered structures.
In the present contribution, x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) studies were carried out on two copper based shape memory CuZnAl and CuAlMn alloys. X-ray diffraction profiles and electron diffraction patterns of these alloys exhibit super lattice reflections inherited from parent phase due to the displacive character of martensitic transformation. Some successive diffraction peaks providing a special relation between Miller indices shift each other; diffraction angles and peak intensities change with aging at room temperature in the martensitic condition. This result refers to the redistribution of atoms in diffusive manner.